Fats – 1 gram = 9 calories

Fats provide the most concentrated form of energy for the body. Fats are essential for the body’s absorption of fat soluble vitamins, A, D, E and K and provide your body with essential fatty acids

There are 3 major types of naturally occurring fatty acids

  1. Saturated – mainly found in animal-based foods.
  2. Mono-unsaturated – mainly found in plant-based foods
  3. Poly-unsaturated – mainly found in plant-based foods

Trans Fatty acids are a fourth form that are uncommon in natural foods although they do occur in low levels in meats and dairy products. Most trans fats are found in processed foods and while they have little significance in weight loss they are regarded as generally unhealthy fats. Eating them is associated with an increased risk of heart disease.